There are a lot of unique places in Crimea. One of them is the unusual salty lake, which has healing properties in the salt. In Spring the water of this lake looks quite normal and salinity has not increased too much.
In April and May when the lake is full, there are many waterfowl birds that live and nest here however, later when the water level drops down for many of them the lake’s environment will become uninhabitable.
The vibrant colour of the lake peaks at the hottest Summer months.
When summer comes, the searing heat affects everything here (some scientists equate small areas of this part of the Kerch Peninsula of Crimea not even as the steppe zone, but as the semi-desert).
Water in the lake is reduced dramatically. It departs from the usual lane, leaving only salt and lots of it.
When the lake water diminishes the remaining water turns a pale pink and also beautiful ‘salt sculptures start to appear’.
During this period the salinity of the lake increases significantly — up to 35% (for comparison, the salinity of the Black Sea — 1.8%), which leads to the peak of the green alga which gives such an incredible colour to the water.
The name of this magic alga is Dunaliella Salina.
It produces beta-carotene, coloring the water of the lake, as well as its salt crystals in a pale pink, and sometimes almost red hue. It is interesting that in addition to colour, alga gives local salt the characteristic odor of violets.
The unique salt from the Crimea was once delivered to the court of the Sultans of Turkey and the Russian Tsars. In the 19th century the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, one of the clauses for a peace treaty with Russia was a regular delivery of pink salt from the Crimea.
This unique alga that lives in brine contains beta-carotene, and lots of minerals. It is believed that Crimean salt is one of the best in the world. During the WWII the lake’s brine was used to treat the wounded. Just walking around here will help asthma and bronchitis sufferers. Workers at the recycling salt units , in principle, do not suffer from colds because of the salts benefits to the immune system.
This natural beauty treats dental pathology, arthritis, polyarthritis, joint diseases, rhinitis, tonsillitis, sore throat, sinusitis, peripheral vascular disease, skin diseases (psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, acne, fungus of the limbs), chronic gynaecological and urological diseases and so forth.